Knee injury happens suddenly as a result of the knee being hit, fallen on, twisted or moved beyond its intended range of motion. Sudden knee injuries are common among athletes and may result in tears to one of three major ligaments of the knee – the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL), medial collateral ligament (MCL) or posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) – or the menisci, crescent-shaped wedges of cartilage within the knee designed to distribute your body weight across the joint.
The most common form of arthritis, osteoarthritis is a chronic condition characterized by the breakdown of the cartilage that cushions the ends of the bones where they meet to form joints. The breakdown of cartilage causes the bones to rub against each other, causing stiffness, pain and loss of movement in the joint. The knee is one of the joints most commonly affected by osteoarthritis.
Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic inflammatory disease of the joints. The result can be joint damage, pain, swelling, inflammation, loss of function and disability. In addition to the knees, rheumatoid arthritis, commonly affects the hands, wrists, feet, elbows and ankles.
Juvenile arthritis is begins at age 16 or before. There are several different types of juvenile arthritis, including juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA) and juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). Many can cause pain and swelling of the knee.
Gout is a form of arthritis that occurs when excess uric acid, the first symptom of gout is excruciating pain and swelling in the big toe – often following a trauma, such as an illness or injury. Subsequent attacks may occur off and on in other joints, primarily those of the foot and knee.
Lupus, or systemic lupus erythematous, is a chronic autoimmune disease, meaning the body's immune system creates antibodies that attack healthy tissues. In addition to causing inflammation in the knee and other joints, lupus can affect many organs, including the skin, heart, lungs, and kidney.
Ankylosing spondylitis is a form of arthritis that primarily affects the spine, causing inflammation in the spine that can lead to chronic pain and stiffening of the spine. In some people, particularly younger people, it begins with pain and swelling in the knee rather than the spine.
Psoriatic arthritis is a form of arthritis accompanied by the skin disease psoriasis. The skin disease often precedes the arthritis; in a small percentage the joint disease develops before the skin disease.
Also called septic arthritis, infectious arthritis refers to arthritis that is caused by an infection within the joint. Infectious arthritis is often cause by bacteria that spread through the bloodstream to the joint. Sometimes it is caused by viruses or fungi.
A standard X-ray is a simple test in which an X-ray beam (a form of electromagnetic radiation) is passed through the knee to create a two-dimensional picture of the bones that form the joint. Your doctor can use X-rays to view.
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
It is particularly useful for diagnosing injuries to the cartilage, tendons, ligaments tendons and menisci, as well as areas of swelling.
Computerized axial tomography (CAT) scan
Also called a computed tomography (or CT) scan, CT scans show soft tissues such as ligaments and muscles more clearly than traditional X-rays, so they are more useful for diagnosing certain knee problems.
Obesity is the number one preventable risk factor for osteoarthritis of the knee.
Excess weight strains the knees, causing cartilage to wear away. In addition, fat cells are believed to produce inflammatory cytokines that contribute to arthritis. If you are overweight, even modest weight loss can reduce the risk of osteoarthritis and its progression. Weight loss will also reduce some of the stress of the knee, which can be helpful, regardless of the problem.
Rest and protect an injured or sore area. Stop, change, or take a break from any activity that may be causing your pain or soreness. When resting, place a small pillow under your knee.
Ice will reduce pain and swelling. Apply packs immediately to prevent or minimize swelling. Apply the ice or cold pack for 10 to 20 minutes, 2 to 3 times a day.
For the first 48 hours after an injury, avoid things that might increase swelling, such as hot showers, hot tubs, hot packs, or alcoholic beverages.
After 48 to 72 hours, if swelling is gone, apply heat and begin gentle exercise with the aid of moist heat to help restore and maintain flexibility. Some experts recommend alternating between heat and cold treatments.
Wrapping the injured area with an elastic bandage will help decrease swelling.
Don't wrap it too tightly, since this can cause more swelling below the affected area. Loosen the bandage if it gets too tight. Signs that the bandage is too tight include numbness, tingling, and increased pain.
Don't expect the bandage to protect or stabilize a knee injury.
Elevate the injured area on pillows while applying ice and anytime you are sitting or lying down.
At Kanakaveda we are using Homeopathy, is a safe and permanent way of eliminating Knee pain. A remedy is chosen based on the theory of individualization and symptom similarity. In this way, a state of complete health can be regained, removing all the signs and symptoms from which a patient is suffering.