What are the Signs and Symptoms of Goiter?

A goiter can develop as a result of numerous different conditions. It can be associated with over-function of the thyroid gland (hyperthyroidism, or excessive thyroid hormones) or with under-function of the gland (hypothyroidism)

Not all goiters cause signs and symptoms. When signs and symptoms do occur they may include:

  • A visible swelling at the base of your neck that may be particularly obvious when you shave or put on makeup
  • A tight feeling in your throat
  • Coughing
  • Hoarseness
  • Difficulty swallowing
  • Difficulty breathing

Symptoms of Hypothyroidism

Below are major symptoms associated with hypothyroidism.

  • Fatigue
  • Weakness
  • Weight gain or difficulty losing weight (despite reduced food intake)
  • Coarse, dry hair and dry skin
  • Hair loss
  • Sensitivity to cold
  • Muscle cramps and aches
  • Constipation
  • Depression
  • Irritability
  • Memory loss
  • Abnormal menstrual cycles
  • Decreased libido
  • Slowed speech (severe cases)
  • Jaundice (severe cases)
  • Increase in tongue size (severe cases).

Hyperthyroidism symptoms

Hyperthyroidism is a condition in which the thyroid gland makes too much thyroid hormone. The condition is often called overactive thyroid.

Common symptoms include:

  • Difficulty concentrating
  • Fatigue Frequent bowel movements
  • Goiter (visibly enlarged thyroid gland) or thyroid nodules
  • Hand tremor
  • Heat intolerance
  • Increased appetite
  • Increased sweating
  • Irregular menstrual periods in women
  • Nervousness
  • Restlessness
  • Sleep problems
  • Weight loss
  • Breast development in men
  • Clammy skin
  • Diarrhea
  • Hair loss
  • High blood pressure
  • Itchy or irritated eyes
  • Itchy skin
  • Lack of, or irregular menstrual periods in women
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Protruding eyes (exophthalmos)
  • Skin blushing or flushing
  • Rapid, forceful, or irregular heartbeat (palpitations)
  • Weakness of the hips and shoulders

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