Ahar / Diet
It is said in Vedas, "You are - What you Eat."
Following table shows preferred taste and food in each season according to Ayurveda.
|Shishir||Cold and dewy season||Tikta (bitter)|
|Vaasant||Spring season||Kashaya (astringent)|
|Varsha||Rainy season||Amala (sour)|
|Sharat||Autumn season||Lavan (salty)|
|Hemanta||Winter season||Madhura (sweet)|
|Hemanta ritu (winter season) |
Shishira ritu (cold and dewy season)
- Sweet, sour and salt taste food can be taken. In this season the digestive activity becomes more powerful. Increased vata gets obstructed from spreading out due to cold atmosphere outside which can digest the tissues. More intake of sweet, sour and salt helps reducing the vata.
- Wine prepared from jaggery (molasses) can be taken.
- Wheat/gram flour products, milk products, sugarcane products and corn/edible oils can be taken as a part of food.
- Massage with oil.
- Ubvartan with fine paste/powder of kumkum (kesar).
- Exercise (vyama).
- Clothing-leather, silk and wool.
- Exposure to sunlight and fire to keep yourself warm.
Vasanta Ritu (Spring Season)
In this season, increased Kapha is liquefied by the heat of sun which causes diminished agni (digestive activity) causing diseases.
- Easily digestible food.
- Barley, honey, roasted meat, mango juice can be taken as food.
- Beverages such as asava (fermented infusion), arista (fermented decoction), sidhu (fermented sugarcane juice), honey mixed with water and water boiled with extracts of sandal wood.
- Avoid hard to digest and cold food, sour, sweet and fatty food as it cause kapha
- Physical exercise.
- Dry massage.
- Nasal medication can be taken.
- After massage bath with karpura/ chandan/kumkum.
- Avoid sleeping during day time.
Grishma ritu (summer season)
In this season, sunrays become powerful. Kapha decreases vata increases day by day.
- Sweet, light, fatty and liquid food can be taken.
- Wine should not be taken as it can cause burning sensation and even debility.
- Drink cold water. Panak panchsara (syrup prepared with draksha (sugarcane), madhuka, date, kashmarya and parshuka fruits all in equal quantity cold with cardamom powder.
- Scrub body with chandan paste and take bath with cold water.
- Stay in cool places.
- Wear light dresses.
Varsha Ritu (Rainy Season)
The agni (digestive activity) weakens further and gets vitiated by doshas. Hence all methods to mitigate doshas and measures to enhance digestive activity can be adopted.
- Easily digestible food to be taken.
- Pulses, meat juice, soups, old grains and mastu (thin water of yoghurt ) can be taken in food.
- Panchkarma can be done.
- Perfumes can be used.
- Avoid sleeping at daytime, exertion and too much exposure to sunlight.
Sharad Ritu (Autumn Season)
Sudden exposed to sunlight after cold season aggravates Pita.
- Bitter, astringent and sweet taste can be included in food.
- Take easily digestible food like rice, green gram, aamla, honey and sugar.
- Avoid heavy food, curd, oil, strong liquors.
- Udvartan with chandan.
- Bath with warm water.
- Pearls give soothing effect from aggravated pitta.