Dysmenorrhea, also known as dysmenorrhea, painful periods, or menstrual cramps, is pain during menstruation. It usually begins around the time that menstruation begins. Symptoms typically last less than three days. The pain is usually in the pelvis or lower abdomen.


Causes of Dysmenorrhea

Dysmenorrhea can be classified as either primary or secondary based on the absence or presence of an underlying cause. Secondary dysmenorrhea is dysmenorrhea which is associated with an existing condition.

The most common cause of secondary dysmenorrhea is endometriosis, which can be visually confirmed by laparoscopy in approximately 70% of adolescents with dysmenorrhea

Other causes of secondary dysmenorrhea include leiomyoma, adenomyosis, ovarian cysts, and pelvic congestion.

Unequal leg length might hypothetically be one of the contributors, as it may contribute to a tilted pelvis, which may cause lower back pain, which in turn may be mistaken for menstrual pain, as women with lower back pain experience increased pain during their periods.

Other skeletal abnormalities, such as scoliosis (sometimes caused by spina bifida) might be possible contributors as well.

Symptoms of Dysmenorrhea

The most common symptom of painful periods is cramps or pain in your abdomen (tummy). This pain may also spread to your lower back and the top of your thighs. This can happen before and/or during the first few days of your period. Other symptoms of painful periods may include:

  • Tiredness
  • Feeling sick or vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Backache
  • Headache or migraine
  • Bloating
  • Emotional symptoms and mood changes

If you have secondary dysmenorrhea, you may also have other symptoms, such as:

  • Heavy periods
  • Irregular periods
  • Bleeding in between periods
  • Vaginal discharge

Homeopathic Treatment for Dysmenorrhea

Homeopathy has a promising role to play in cases of dysmenorrhea. The medicines are known to reduce the severity of the pain as well as to treat the cause.